Health Information

AIDS - Acquired Immu...
Adenoid Problems
Acne
Known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS occurs after the immune system has been destroyed by HIV virus. HIV attacks the immune system by killing off the white blood cells in the blood known...
Adenoids are lymph glands, located at the back of the nose where the air passages join those of the back of the mouth. The lymph system is the body’s defence against infection and the lymph glands ...
Nearly everyone suffers from outbreaks of pimples at some point in life, making acne one of the most common skin disorders. Acne is a skin affliction usually occurring in teenagers, however quite a hi...
Alzheimer's Disease
Allergies
Alcohol Abuse
Alzheimer’s disease is a disorder in which there is a progressive decaying of brain tissue. It is characterised by a decline in mental and emotional capabilities. What to look for…*  mo...
An allergy is a sensitivity to a substance which does not normally cause people any problems. What to look forSymptoms generally show up in the part of the body which are exposed to the allergen...
What to look for… The following symptoms are associated with abuse of alcohol:*  temporary blackouts or memory loss.*  recurrent arguments or fights with family members or friends.* ...
Aneurism
Anaemia
Amnesia
Aneurism is a permanent ballooning in the wall of an artery. The pressure of blood passing through can force part of a weakened artery to bulge outward, forming a thin-skinned blister or sac.  W...
Anaemia is a disorder of the blood in which the red blood cells are defective in some way. What to look for*  weakness, fatigue, and a general feeling of malaise… You may be mildly anaemi...
This word literally means ‘no memory’, but for medical purposes it is used to mean a temporary loss of memory. What to look forSymptoms for Amnesia include the following:-*  confusion,* ...
Anxiety
Anorexia Nervosa
Angina
Anxiety is a state of being worried about certain real or imagined events or situations. What to look for*  heart palpitations.*  tics or twitches*  recurring headaches or migrain...
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder which based on a terrifying fear of becoming fat. But it is far more complex than a simple desire to lose weight. What to look for*  significant weight los...
Angina can occur when the heart is not getting enough oxygen. This is usually because the blood supply to the heart is blocked or because the heart is being overworked and therefore needs more oxygen ...
Asthma
Arthritis
Appendicitis
Asthma is a condition that is caused by inflammation and narrowing of the airways. This results from the contraction of the muscles lining them and causes breathing difficulties particularly in breath...
This is an inflammation of the joints and it’s causes are varied. There are two main types of arthritis – rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. What to look for*  Osteoarthritis...
This is the inflammation of the appendix which can occur anytime from infancy to old age. What to look for*  dull pain near the navel or the upper abdomen that becomes sharp as it moves to the l...
Back Problems
Attention Deficit Di...
Athlete's Foot
What to look for *  persistent aching or stiffness anywhere along your spine, from the base of the neck to the hips.*  sharp, localised pain in the neck, upper back, or lower back, especiall...
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a difficulty in paying attention is the problem which defines this disorder and it is among the most common developmental problems of childhood.What to look for(Bea...
This is a fungal infection, usually between the toes or under the arch of the foot. What to look for*  itching and irritation between the toes, this area may peel and crack.*  rash and...
Bed Wetting
Baldness
Bad Breath
Usually occurring in children under the age of 6 years who are having difficulties controlling their bladders at night. What to look forIt is not abnormal for young children to wet the bed at night ...
Baldness is the loss of hair anywhere on the body, usually on the scalp region. It is usually hereditary and affects men. However females can be affected by baldness also. What to look for*  thi...
Bad breath could be described as an unpleasant odour coming from the mouth region. What to look for*  a stale, unpleasant odour coming from the mouth.*  a foul, putrid odour coming through ...
Bites & Stings
Bee Stings
Bedsores
Bites and stings can be either poisonous or non-poisonous. The most dangerous Australian animals and insects are the taipan, tiger snake, death adder, the funnel-web and red-back spiders , the bl...
A bite from a bee which in certain individuals can provoke an allergic reaction. What to look forIn most cases, a bee or wasp sting causes only minor symptoms such as:*  pain.*  swelling an...
These are reddened painful skin caused by the loss of blood supply to the skin due to continuous pressure on the affected parts. What to look for*  a painful and swollen red patch of skin, on an...
Bladder Infections
Bladder Cancer
Black Eyes
Bladder Infections are an inflammation of the urinary bladder which results in a prickling pain, which quickly becomes a burning, scalding sensation during urination. What to look for*  a burnin...
The bladder is the hollow, muscular organ that lies in the pelvic region. It looks like an upside down pyramid. The bladder stores the urine that is produced in the kidneys.What to look forBladde...
Black eyes are bruising and swelling around the eye and the eyelid What to look forBruising and swelling of the eyelid and the area around the eye. The bruising may last up to 10 days and change...
Blood Poisoning
Blood Clots
Blisters
Blood poisoning (septicaemia), is a serious secondary infection that occurs when bacteria from an infection in your body go out of control and travel in the bloodstream to other areas of the body. Wh...
Blood Clots are when blood which thickens or masses or lumps together and stops circulation. What to look forOur blood clots as part of a normal, healthy protective process however if any of the symp...
A blister is raised section of skin which is full of a watery substance and is usually caused by aggravated rubbing orburns What to look forone or more bubbles of skin filled with clear fluid, rangin...
Bone Cancer
Boils
Blood Pressure
Bone Cancer is a hard lump felt on the surface of a bone that may or may not be painful. What To Look For*  pain or swelling in bones and joints, often more intense at night, and not necessarily...
A boil is an infection of a hair follicleWhat to look for*  The first stage of a boil is a painful swollen lump filled with pus, usually on the face, neck, buttocks, armpits.*  A clump of bo...
Blood pressure is pressure in the arteries as the heart pumps blood around the body. What to look for*  There are generally no symptoms for high blood pressure as the early stages of hypert...
Breast Problems
Breast Cancer
Brain Tumor
Breast problems can include breast pain or masses or lumps within the breast. What to look for:*  tenderness, pain or swelling in one or both breasts, most likely caused by premenstrual...
As with most cancers, in the early stages, breast cancer usually has no symptoms. As a tumour spreads, you may notice the following:*  swelling in the armpit.*  breast pain or tenderness.*&n...
Similar to most cancers, brain tumours do not show symptoms until they attain a certain size.Symptoms include:*  persistent headaches that get worse over a period of weeks and are often more inte...
Bunions
Bulimia
Bronchitis
A bunion is an abnormal enlargement at the joint between the foot and the beginning of the big toe, which is the result of pressure.What to look for:*  An angular protrusion at the side of the fo...
Bulimia is an eating disorder which involves the compulsive eating of large quantities of food over a short space of time.  The Binges are usually followed by periods of strict dieting and purgin...
Bronchitis is the inflammation of the main bronchial tubes of the lungs caused by a bacterial or viral infection.What to look for:Acute Bronchitis*  initially a head cold, running nose, fever and...
Conjunctivitis
Common Baby Problems
Colic
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctival membrane (the delicate skin which covers the white of the eye underneath the eyelids. What to look for*  A gritty feeling in the eye, just ...
Eczema can quite often occur in babies up to about 4 months of age. It is usually milder than the type that occurs in adults. Your baby’s cheeks become rough and scaly and this can also occur i...
Colic is an acute abdominal pain probably caused by abnormal bowel functions and wind. What to look for:Colic is thought to occur when the bowel in a baby contracts more regularly than an adult...
Coughing
Corns & Callouse...
Constipation
Coughing is a reflex action of the throat to rid itself of any built up mucus or phlegm. What to look forCoughing is not a disease, however it may indicate respiratory problems. By looking at wh...
A corn is a localised area of hard, horny skin which forms as a result of constant rubbing or pressure. A calluses are larger versions.What to look forCorn…*  an area of hard, thick skin, which...
Constipation refers to hard, inadequate, incomplete, or infrequent bowel movements. What to look for*  hard stools that are difficult or painful to pass.*  no bowel movements in three days ...
Dandruff
Croup
Crohn's Disease
Dandruff is excessive scaling of dead skin on the scalp What to look for*  flakes of skin that range from small and white to large, greasy, and yellow.*  itchy flaking that appears on ...
Croup is spasmodic narrowing and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. What to look for*  a harsh, dry cough.*  laboured breathing and feverCroup is a viral infection of th...
Crohn’s Disease is a severe inflammation of the lower bowel.What to look for*  abdominal pain*  diarrhoea.*  cramps or pain after eating*  fever*  loss of appetite, fatigue,...
Diabetes
Dermatitis
Depression
Diabetes is a condition where there is an abnormally high level of sugar in the blood.What to look forThe symptoms vary depending on which type of diabetes is the cause:*  excessive thirst and ap...
Dermatitis is a red and itching inflammation of the skin What to look forContact dermatitis (an allergic reaction) (an allergic reaction)*  A red rash that is restricted to the area of...
Depression is a state of feeling ‘down’ which lasts for a long but indefinite period of time What to look forFor major depression, you may experience four or more of the following:*  persist...
Meningitis
Drug Abuse
Disk Problems
Meningitis is the inflammation and infection of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. What to look for*  fever and drowsiness.*  severe headache usually ...
A drug is any substance, other than a food, which affects the body in any way. Therefore the over indulgence in these types of substances to the detriment of the body’s health and well-being, can be...
These are problems to the spinal disks. Disks are the cushion of tissue located between each of the vertebrae which makes up the spine. What to look forMany times, there are no physical symptoms to d...
Nearly everyone suffers from outbreaks of pimples at some point in life, making acne one of the most common skin disorders. Acne is a skin affliction usually occurring in teenagers, however quite a high percentage of adults do suffer some form of acne symptoms. Acne is characterised by inflammation...
Acne
Adenoids are lymph glands, located at the back of the nose where the air passages join those of the back of the mouth. The lymph system is the body’s defence against infection and the lymph glands (like the adenoids) are full of infection-fighting cells. Any infection breathed in is filtered thro...
Adenoid Problems
Known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome AIDS occurs after the immune system has been destroyed by HIV virus. HIV attacks the immune system by killing off the white blood cells in the blood known as the T-Cells. It is these cells that signal to the body’s defence system when an invasion of ba...
AIDS - Acquired Immune Deficie...
What to look for… The following symptoms are associated with abuse of alcohol:*  temporary blackouts or memory loss.*  recurrent arguments or fights with family members or friends.*  continuing use of alcohol to relax, to cheer up, to sleep, to deal with problems, or to feel “nor...
Alcohol Abuse
An allergy is a sensitivity to a substance which does not normally cause people any problems. What to look forSymptoms generally show up in the part of the body which are exposed to the allergen…*  Sneezing, wheezing, nasal congestion, and coughing indicate asthma, o...
Allergies
Alzheimer’s disease is a disorder in which there is a progressive decaying of brain tissue. It is characterised by a decline in mental and emotional capabilities. What to look for…*  mood changes: depression, paranoia, agitation, anxiety, selfishness, childish behaviour...
Alzheimer's Disease
This word literally means ‘no memory’, but for medical purposes it is used to mean a temporary loss of memory. What to look forSymptoms for Amnesia include the following:-*  confusion,*  inability to recall current location*  do not know who familiar people areCauses*  a sev...
Amnesia
Anaemia is a disorder of the blood in which the red blood cells are defective in some way. What to look for*  weakness, fatigue, and a general feeling of malaise… You may be mildly anaemic.*  your lips look bluish, your skin is pasty or yellowish, and your gums, nail beds, eyelid l...
Anaemia
Aneurism is a permanent ballooning in the wall of an artery. The pressure of blood passing through can force part of a weakened artery to bulge outward, forming a thin-skinned blister or sac.  What to look forAlthough most aneurisms have no symptoms, in some cases the following symptoms may oc...
Aneurism
Angina can occur when the heart is not getting enough oxygen. This is usually because the blood supply to the heart is blocked or because the heart is being overworked and therefore needs more oxygen than usual. The heart can usually function normally at rest but not when physically exerted. What t...
Angina
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder which based on a terrifying fear of becoming fat. But it is far more complex than a simple desire to lose weight. What to look for*  significant weight loss.*  fear of becoming fat, even when emaciated.*  excessive dieting and exercising*  ...
Anorexia Nervosa
Anxiety is a state of being worried about certain real or imagined events or situations. What to look for*  heart palpitations.*  tics or twitches*  recurring headaches or migraine*  indigestion and bowel irregularity*  sense of impending doom.*  inability to...
Anxiety
This is the inflammation of the appendix which can occur anytime from infancy to old age. What to look for*  dull pain near the navel or the upper abdomen that becomes sharp as it moves to the lower right abdomen. This is usually the first sign. Also pain in the upper or lower back, right leg ...
Appendicitis
This is an inflammation of the joints and it’s causes are varied. There are two main types of arthritis – rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. What to look for*  Osteoarthritis – Stiffness and pain when the joint is moved after time the pain becomes continuous. The joi...
Arthritis
Asthma is a condition that is caused by inflammation and narrowing of the airways. This results from the contraction of the muscles lining them and causes breathing difficulties particularly in breathing out.What to look for*  sudden shortness of breath and wheezing and occasionally&n...
Asthma
This is a fungal infection, usually between the toes or under the arch of the foot. What to look for*  itching and irritation between the toes, this area may peel and crack.*  rash and redness in this area;*  dry, flaking skin on the soles of the feet.*  unpleasant foot odo...
Athlete's Foot
Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is a difficulty in paying attention is the problem which defines this disorder and it is among the most common developmental problems of childhood.What to look for(Bear in mind that attention deficit disorder (ADD) is often misdiagnosed because so many of the symptom...
Attention Deficit Disorder
What to look for *  persistent aching or stiffness anywhere along your spine, from the base of the neck to the hips.*  sharp, localised pain in the neck, upper back, or lower back, especially after lifting heavy objects or engaging in other strenuous activity.*  chronic ache in the mi...
Back Problems
Bad breath could be described as an unpleasant odour coming from the mouth region. What to look for*  a stale, unpleasant odour coming from the mouth.*  a foul, putrid odour coming through the mouth from the stomach or other internal organs.Bad breath affects most people at some time, how...
Bad Breath
Baldness is the loss of hair anywhere on the body, usually on the scalp region. It is usually hereditary and affects men. However females can be affected by baldness also. What to look for*  thinning of hair in general, however, each hair strand becomes thinner and shorter until the roots prod...
Baldness
Usually occurring in children under the age of 6 years who are having difficulties controlling their bladders at night. What to look forIt is not abnormal for young children to wet the bed at night – even when they have learnt to use the toilet during the day. However there may be a need to be co...
Bed Wetting
These are reddened painful skin caused by the loss of blood supply to the skin due to continuous pressure on the affected parts. What to look for*  a painful and swollen red patch of skin, on any part of the skin which is pressed against something with pressure for a period of time.*  a r...
Bedsores
A bite from a bee which in certain individuals can provoke an allergic reaction. What to look forIn most cases, a bee or wasp sting causes only minor symptoms such as:*  pain.*  swelling and inflammation*  redness.*  itching or burning.Swelling can be considerably worse with peo...
Bee Stings
Bites and stings can be either poisonous or non-poisonous. The most dangerous Australian animals and insects are the taipan, tiger snake, death adder, the funnel-web and red-back spiders , the blue-ringed octopus, cone shells, stonefish, bullrout, box jellyfish and sting-rays. The bites of mos...
Bites & Stings
Black eyes are bruising and swelling around the eye and the eyelid What to look forBruising and swelling of the eyelid and the area around the eye. The bruising may last up to 10 days and changes colour from purple/blue to yellow within that time.Usually this type of bruise will heal quickly a...
Black Eyes
The bladder is the hollow, muscular organ that lies in the pelvic region. It looks like an upside down pyramid. The bladder stores the urine that is produced in the kidneys.What to look forBladder cancer may not have symptoms in the beginning, however, later on, symptoms may include:*  blo...
Bladder Cancer
Bladder Infections are an inflammation of the urinary bladder which results in a prickling pain, which quickly becomes a burning, scalding sensation during urination. What to look for*  a burning sensation when urinating;*  frequent need to urinate with little result*  urine with a s...
Bladder Infections
A blister is raised section of skin which is full of a watery substance and is usually caused by aggravated rubbing orburns What to look forone or more bubbles of skin filled with clear fluid, ranging from pinpoint size to more than one-half inch in diameter usually accompanied by pain, swelling an...
Blisters
Blood Clots are when blood which thickens or masses or lumps together and stops circulation. What to look forOur blood clots as part of a normal, healthy protective process however if any of the symptoms below occur blood clotting may be the cause:*  Unexpected and remote pain in an arm or leg...
Blood Clots
Blood poisoning (septicaemia), is a serious secondary infection that occurs when bacteria from an infection in your body go out of control and travel in the bloodstream to other areas of the body. What to look forWhile recovering from surgery, an infection, or a wound, a person may suffer blood poi...
Blood Poisoning
Blood pressure is pressure in the arteries as the heart pumps blood around the body. What to look for*  There are generally no symptoms for high blood pressure as the early stages of hypertension may take a few years to develop*  A higher than normal blood pressure. Normal for young ...
Blood Pressure
A boil is an infection of a hair follicleWhat to look for*  The first stage of a boil is a painful swollen lump filled with pus, usually on the face, neck, buttocks, armpits.*  A clump of boils is called a carbuncle; a boil on the eyelid is a sty.A boil may look like a bad pimple but in fa...
Boils
Bone Cancer is a hard lump felt on the surface of a bone that may or may not be painful. What To Look For*  pain or swelling in bones and joints, often more intense at night, and not necessarily associated with movement; the pain may be dull and constant, or may be felt only when pressure is a...
Bone Cancer
Similar to most cancers, brain tumours do not show symptoms until they attain a certain size.Symptoms include:*  persistent headaches that get worse over a period of weeks and are often more intense when lying down.*  vomiting.*  sudden seizures.*  changes in personality or menta...
Brain Tumor
As with most cancers, in the early stages, breast cancer usually has no symptoms. As a tumour spreads, you may notice the following:*  swelling in the armpit.*  breast pain or tenderness.*  a lump in the breast.*  a noticeable flattening or indentation on the breast.*  any c...
Breast Cancer
Breast problems can include breast pain or masses or lumps within the breast. What to look for:*  tenderness, pain or swelling in one or both breasts, most likely caused by premenstrual swelling.*  pain accompanied by redness and warmth or a discharge from the nipple; this m...
Breast Problems
Bronchitis is the inflammation of the main bronchial tubes of the lungs caused by a bacterial or viral infection.What to look for:Acute Bronchitis*  initially a head cold, running nose, fever and chills*  aching muscles*  back pain*  hacking cough*  yellow, white or green ph...
Bronchitis
Bulimia is an eating disorder which involves the compulsive eating of large quantities of food over a short space of time.  The Binges are usually followed by periods of strict dieting and purging.What to look for:*  Alternating between bingeing and purging*  Unrealistic fear of becom...
Bulimia
A bunion is an abnormal enlargement at the joint between the foot and the beginning of the big toe, which is the result of pressure.What to look for:*  An angular protrusion at the side of the food behind the big toe, sometimes accompanied by hardened skin or a callous.*  Swelling, redness...
Bunions
Colic is an acute abdominal pain probably caused by abnormal bowel functions and wind. What to look for:Colic is thought to occur when the bowel in a baby contracts more regularly than an adult’s slower peristaltic movements. It is characterised by:*  loud screaming lasting for hours, t...
Colic
Eczema can quite often occur in babies up to about 4 months of age. It is usually milder than the type that occurs in adults. Your baby’s cheeks become rough and scaly and this can also occur in your child’s eyebrows and hair (cradle cap).  If infection sets in, the skin can becom...
Common Baby Problems
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctival membrane (the delicate skin which covers the white of the eye underneath the eyelids. What to look for*  A gritty feeling in the eye, just under the eyelids*  Burning itchy eyes that discharge a heavy, sticky pus*  Tears, a swoll...
Conjunctivitis
Constipation refers to hard, inadequate, incomplete, or infrequent bowel movements. What to look for*  hard stools that are difficult or painful to pass.*  no bowel movements in three days for adults, four days for children.*  nausea, anxiety, headache and general disc...
Constipation
A corn is a localised area of hard, horny skin which forms as a result of constant rubbing or pressure. A calluses are larger versions.What to look forCorn…*  an area of hard, thick skin, which may look a yellow colour*  Corns between the toes can be softCallus…*  A callus is an a...
Corns & Callouses
Coughing is a reflex action of the throat to rid itself of any built up mucus or phlegm. What to look forCoughing is not a disease, however it may indicate respiratory problems. By looking at what is coughed up (mucus, phlegm or blood – the colour and consistency), the frequency of coughing ...
Coughing
Crohn’s Disease is a severe inflammation of the lower bowel.What to look for*  abdominal pain*  diarrhoea.*  cramps or pain after eating*  fever*  loss of appetite, fatigue, or weight lossIn Crohn’s disease, a chronic disorder of the intestines affects digestion and lead...
Crohn's Disease
Croup is spasmodic narrowing and inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. What to look for*  a harsh, dry cough.*  laboured breathing and feverCroup is a viral infection of the voice box. It shows similar symptoms to those of a respiratory infection and is a relatively commo...
Croup
Dandruff is excessive scaling of dead skin on the scalp What to look for*  flakes of skin that range from small and white to large, greasy, and yellow.*  itchy flaking that appears on the scalp or eyebrows, or around the hairline, ears, or nose.Dandruff usually poses no danger whatso...
Dandruff
Depression is a state of feeling ‘down’ which lasts for a long but indefinite period of time What to look forFor major depression, you may experience four or more of the following:*  persistent sadness, pessimism.*  feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness, or hopelessness.*&nbs...
Depression
Dermatitis is a red and itching inflammation of the skin What to look forContact dermatitis (an allergic reaction) (an allergic reaction)*  A red rash that is restricted to the area of skin exposed to an irritant.Nummular dermatitis*  Red, itchy, circular lots of weeping, scaly,...
Dermatitis
Diabetes is a condition where there is an abnormally high level of sugar in the blood.What to look forThe symptoms vary depending on which type of diabetes is the cause:*  excessive thirst and appetite.*  increased urination both in the frequency and amount passed.*  weight loss.*&nbs...
Diabetes
These are problems to the spinal disks. Disks are the cushion of tissue located between each of the vertebrae which makes up the spine. What to look forMany times, there are no physical symptoms to damaged disks. However, if your disk problem directly touches or affects spinal nerves, you may have ...
Disk Problems
A drug is any substance, other than a food, which affects the body in any way. Therefore the over indulgence in these types of substances to the detriment of the body’s health and well-being, can be classified as drug abuse. What to look for*  behavioural changes which affect relationships a...
Drug Abuse
Meningitis is the inflammation and infection of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. What to look for*  fever and drowsiness.*  severe headache usually associated with pain in the eyes.*  stiff neck, shoulders, or back.*  severe shooting pain...
Meningitis

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